The Paris Agreement Members

The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the UNFCCC (UNFCCC), which deals with the reduction, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions from 2020 on. The agreement aims to address the global threat of climate change by maintaining a global temperature increase well below 2 degrees Celsius this century and continuing efforts to further limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. [1] From 30 November to 11 December 2015, France received representatives from 196 countries at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (UN), one of the most important and ambitious global meetings ever organised. The goal was nothing less than a binding and universal agreement to limit greenhouse gas emissions to a level that would prevent global temperatures from rising more than 2°C (3.6°F) above the temperature level set before the start of the Industrial Revolution. Since then, Turkey has argued that it is a developing country and that it has gained special circumstances that allow it to choose to provide funds. But it is still not possible to access climate money, a condition that President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has said must change if Turkey is to ratify the agreement. The Kyoto Protocol, a pioneering environmental agreement adopted at COP3 in Japan in 1997, is the first time that nations have agreed on legal country-specific emission reduction targets. The protocol, which only entered into force in 2005, set binding emission reduction targets only for industrialized countries, arguing that they were responsible for most of the world`s high greenhouse gas emissions. The United States initially signed the agreement, but never ratified it; President George W. Bush argued that the deal would hurt the U.S. economy because developing countries like China and India would not be involved. Without the participation of these three countries, the effectiveness of the treaty has proven limited, as its objectives cover only a small fraction of all global emissions. .

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